China wind energy outlook

China dominates the world of wind energy manufacturing (turbines) and output.  In 2014 China installed over half of all the wind capacity on the Earth.  To most eyes, China is racing against time to replace polluting coal and fossil fuel infrastructure with clean wind and solar power.  In this race, China is not only pushing its manufacturers to build new capacity at a record pace, but also issues related to creating a "smart grid" capable of absorbing the intermittent power from wind sources.  In 2011, more than 10 billion kWh of wind power was not generated because the grid had no capacity to absorb it.

Unlike efforts in the US and Europe, the majority (90%) of China's wind manufacturing and deployment projects are completed by large-scale central government administered enterprises.  

 Due to a lack of suitable land for large-scale windfarms, China has put a focus on offshore wind for future capacity development.  According to the "Renewable Energy Twelfth Five-Year Plan" of the National Energy Bureau, by 2015 China was to have built 5GW of offshore wind power, but this result has not been met.  By the end of 2012, China installed 389.6MW offshore wind capacity.  In May 2014 the total capacity of offshore wind power in China was estimated at 565 MW (.567GW).

The following report from the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC), though written in 2011, provides deep insights into how the internal wind manufacturing and deployment industry works in China. It is particularly interesting to view the different regional roles and the central government machinations that power the largest wind harnessing country on Earth.