5 Power Scenario in Karnataka
Karnataka stands fifth in the total installed capacity of power generation and third among the state-owned installations in the country.1 It consumes around 6.64% of the power generated in the country (2010–11 figures).2 The rapid growth of the state has necessitated the investment in development of better and more reliable power demand in the state of Karnataka. Within the state, about 50.2% of installed capacity is under public sector and rest is owned by private sector.3 By December 2011, state owned power generating plants were about 80% of this share.4 The power generation scenario in Karnataka is a mixed lot of renewable and conventional sources. In fact, Karnataka is one of the pioneering as well as self-initiating states to promote renewable energy. Around 30% of the total power generation is supplied from renewable energy sources, with maximum share of wind power.5
By July 2012, Karnataka had total installed capacity of 12052. MW with maximum contribution from state-based thermal power plants, followed by non-conventional energy and independent power producers and central government. Karnataka successfully encourages private sector investments for power generation through both, conventional as well as non-conventional resources. Figure 5.1 illustrates the installed capacity and their shares by various sectors. Figure 5.2 illustrates source-wise power generation in the state.
Figure 5.1 Installed Capacity in Karnataka as on July 2012
Table 5.1 shows the current installation against the potential. Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Limited (KREDL), which is the state's nodal agency in the state that looks after the development of renewable energy in the state. Table 5.2 summarizes the off-grid and stand alone systems installed in the state under various central and state programs.
Figure 5.2 Resource-wise Installed Capacity
Source: http://www.advantagekarnataka.com/images/sector-profiles/Energy-Profile.pdf, last accessed on 24 August 2012.
Table 5.1 Renewable Energy Installation in Karnataka by 2012
Source: 1. Data for "Potential" is drawn from Karnataka Renewable Energy Policy 2009-14. www.ireda.gov.in/solar/DATA/Policy/7%20Karnataka%20RE.pdf 2. Data for "Current installation" is drawn from http://www.kredltest.in/Reprogressreport.aspx, last accessed on 24 August 2012.
Table 5.2 Off-grid Installations up to 31 March 2011
Note: 1 SLS: Street light s ystem; HLS: Home lighting system; SL: Solar lantern; PP: Power plants
2. Data for solar water heaters pertains to capacity of 10litres per day only and is dated November 20 10
Source:1 www.indiastat.com last accessed on 24 August 20 12
2. Data for solar water heaters is sourced from http://kredl.kar.nic.in/ProgressReport.htm last accessed on 24 August 20 12.
1http://www.advantagekarnataka.com/images/sector-profles/Energy-Profle.pdf [Accessed on 24 August 2012]
2http://www.advantagekarnataka.com/images/sector-profles/Energy-Profile.pdf [Accessed on 24 August 2012]
3Economic Survey of Karnataka, 2011-12 from Ministry of Planning Commission, Government of India. Available at http://planning.kar.nic.in/sites/planning.kar.nic.in/files/Economic_Survey/2011-12/Economic%20Infrastructure.pdf [Accessed on 24 August 2012]
4 Footnote 3.
5 Footnote 3.