Nationally appropriate Mitigation Actions or NAMAs for short are a relatively new policy tool championed by the International Renwable Energy Angency from within the UNFCC. The key concept behind NAMAs are that a single climate change mitigation policy is not appropriate for all countries. Emerging Cleanleap economies in particular will not have the same means to develop mitigation projects that the United States or European countries would. Instead, a renewable energy NAMA may be at a scale that is smaller in both funding and impact but appropriate for that economy. A NAMA can be seen as a type of voluntary greenhouse gas mitigation action for a country that is not signed on to a legally binding international emissions commitment. A NAMA notification allows for a UNFCCC-backed label to be assigned to a national development activity or project that has some mitigation effects – this type of endorsement and committement is well-suited for Cleanleap countries in particular.
As the folliwng report from IRENA notes, renewble energy has become a key part of the world energy supply with high growth rates over the past ten years. Global investments in renewable energy reached USD 257 billion in 2011– compared to just USD 39 billion in 2004.
The following report includes case studies from Peru, Kenya and Grenada. The analysis looks at renewable energy barriers for each country and how NAMAs can help overcome those barriers. This report (handbook) explains the NAMA as an instrument that can support renewable energy projects in emerging economies.