Renewable Energy Technologies: Cost Analysis Series - Hydropower

Copyright © IRENA 2012

Unless otherwise indicated, material in this publication may be used freely, shared or reprinted, but acknowledgement is requested.


The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) is an intergovernmental organisation dedicated to renewable energy.

In accordance with its Statute, IRENA's objective is to "promote the widespread and increased adoption and the sustainable use of all forms of renewable energy". This concerns all forms of energy produced from renewable sources in a sustainable manner and includes bioenergy, geothermal energy, hydropower, ocean, solar and wind energy.

As of May 2012, the membership of IRENA comprised 158 States and the European Union (EU), out of which 94 States and the EU have ratified the Statute.


This paper was prepared by the IRENA Secretariat. The paper benefitted from an internal IRENA review, as well as valuable comments and guidance from Ken Adams (Hydro Manitoba), Eman-uel Branche (EDF), Professor LIU Heng (International Center on Small Hydropower), Truls Holtedahl (Norconsult AS), Frederic Louis (World Bank), Margaret Mann (NREL), Judith Plummer (Cambridge University), Richard Taylor (IHA) and Manuel Welsch (KTH).

For further information or to provide feedback, please contact Michael Taylor, IRENA Innovation and Technology Centre, Robert-Schuman-Platz 3, 53175 Bonn, Germany;

This working paper is available for download from


The designations employed and the presentation of materials herein do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the International Renewable Energy Agency concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The term "country" as used in this material also refers, as appropriate, to territories or areas.