ADB Asian Development Bank

APERC Asia Pacific Energy Research Centre

ASEAN Association of Southeast Asian Nations

BAU business-as-usual

BEE Bureau of Energy Efficiency (India)

CCT clean coal technology

CDH centralized district heating

CDM Clean Development Mechanism

CEP Clean Energy Program (of ADB)

CF cleaner fuels

CFL compact fluorescent lamp

CHUEE [People's Republic of] China Utility-Based Energy Efficiency Finance Program

CO2 carbon dioxide

CSR corporate social responsibility

DMC developing member country

DSEE demand-side energy efficiency

DSM demand-side management

EC European Commission

EE energy efficiency

EEI Energy Efficiency Initiative (of ADB)

EERS Energy Efficiency Resource Standards

EETSU Energy Efficiency Technical Support Unit

EIA US Energy Information Administration

EPA US Environmental Protection Agency

ESCO energy service company

EU European Union

GDP gross domestic product

GEF Global Environment Facility

GHG greenhouse gas

IEA International Energy Agency

IED Independent Evaluation Department (of ADB)

IEEJ Institute of Energy Economics, Japan

IFC International Finance Corporation

IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

M&V measurement and verification

MVA Manufacturing Value Added

OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

PSOD Private Sector Operations Division (of ADB)

RE renewable energy

RETA regional technical assistance

RSDD Regional and Sustainable Development Department (of ADB)

SSEE supply-side energy efficiency

T&D transmission and distribution

UN United Nations

UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

USAID United States Agency for International Development

USDOE United States Department of Energy