Road Transport: The Cost of Renewable Solutions

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The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) is an intergovernmental organization that supports countries in their transition to a sustainable energy future, and serves as the principal platform for international cooperation, a centre of excellence, and a repository of policy, technology, resource and financial knowledge on renewable energy. IRENA promotes the widespread adoption and sustainable use of all forms of renewable energy, including bioenergy, geothermal, hydropower, ocean, solar and wind energy in the pursuit of sustainable development, energy access, energy security and low carbon economic growth and prosperity.


This paper was prepared by IRENA. The paper benefitted from an internal IRENA review, as well as valuable comments and guidance from: Francois Cuenot (IEA), Emmanuel Desplechin (Novozymes), Anselm Eisentraut (IEA), Lew Fulton (University of California at Davis), Ari Lampinen (Stromstad Academy), Olaf Schilgen (E-mobility expert), Elina Virtanen (UPM) and Michael Wang (Argonne National Laboratory).

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June 2013