IRENA handbook on renewable energy nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAS) for policy makers and project developers

Copyright (c) IRENA 2012

Unless otherwise indicated, material in this publication may be used freely, shared or reprinted, but acknowledgement is requested.


The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) is an intergovernmental organization dedicated to renewable energy.

In accordance with its Statute, IRENA's objective is to "promote the widespread and increased adoption and the sustainable use of all forms of renewable energy". This concerns all forms of energy produced from renewable sources in a sustainable manner and includes bioenergy, geothermal energy, hydropower, ocean, solar and wind energy.

As of November 2012, the membership of IRENA comprised 158 States and the European Union (EU), out of which 103 States and the EU have ratified the Statute.


This Handbook was prepared by Perspectives Climate Change (i.e. Axel Michaelowa, Björn Dransfeld, Courtney Blodgett, Alberto Galante, Arindam Basu and Michael Eschmann) in collaboration with IRENA.

The Handbook benefitted from an internal IRENA review, as well as from valuable comments and guidance provided by: Andre Eckermann (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit-GIZ), Juan Pablo Castro (ClimateFocus), Isaac Kiva (Kenya), Hugh Sealy (Grenada), Klaus Wenzel (GIZ), Laura Würtenberger (ECN) and Tania Zamora (Peru).

For further information or for provision of feedback, please contact Dr. Rabia Ferroukhi, IRENA, Policy Advice and Capacity Building Directorate (PACB), C67 Office Building, Khalidiyah Street, P.O. Box 236, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates; Email:

This Handbook is available for download from

The designations employed and the presentation of materials herein do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the International Renewable Energy Agency concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The term "country" as used in this material also refers, as appropriate, to territories or areas.