8. Conclusion


  1. Consider renewables as an option and ensure that their evaluation is based on the latest data;
  2. Assess their renewables resource potential on a sufficiently detailed level;
  3. Consider explicitly the role of renewables in all major market segments (power, transportation and stationary applications);
  4. Consider key renewable energy options: large and small hydro, solar PV, solar CSP, solar water heating, biogas, solar water heating, first and second generation biofuels;
  5. Integrate land use planning, water planning, agricultural productivity enhancements with energy planning;
  6. Develop sufficiently specific project concepts and rank these in terms of priorities;
  7. Consider how to reduce equipment supply cost, for example through an import tax exemption framework, development and strengthening of national equipment supply chains and clusters and high shares of nationally manufactured content;
  8. Use energy planning tools and scenarios for development of strategies and portfolios;
  9. Evaluate and adjust their policy frameworks to reduce risk for investors;
  10. Minimise market distortions such as subsidies. Ensure a level playing field;
  11. Consider development of improved public datasets, including energy balances and technology information; and
  12. Reduce outages through massive capacity additions and better maintenance of existing capital stock.

UNDP-GEF Photo library © Solar Water Heaters (SWHs) for Low-income Housing in Peri-Urban Areas. South Africa.