A common characteristic of informal settlements in Cameroon is the lack of indoor lighting during the day. To carry out any productive activities, households have to turn on the lights – for those who can afford electricity - or use kerosene lamps or candles adding to their electricity consumption and accompanying energy-related expenses as well as indoor air pollution. This gadget is an innovative passive lighting technology based on a transparent plastic bottle filled with clean water. It is fitted into the corrugated iron roofs of houses without ceilings.
Availability of reliable, low-cost energy is the cornerstone of economic development and is a primary limiting factor for many developing countries. We share knowledge on an energy sector which is undergoing massive change with new technologies that will provide cheaper, more accessible and cleaner energy.
Garden City Mall, Nairobi Kenya opened in September, and sports the largest solar carport in Africa, a move that will assist in reaching the country's goal of cutting carbon emissions by around 745 tonnes annually. This solar carport will use "dual-mode" technology which is a highly innovative energy solution that provides solar energy during the day with the result that less is used from the grid; and when the grid is down the system also reduces the consumption of costly diesel back up and enabling significant cost savings.
Rwanda is undergoing power shortages as their hydroelectric plants are not sufficient to fulfil the current energy demands. This is due to an increase in investment in the region with new businesses setting up, and also due to the impact of climate change on reducing water supply for the hydro power plants. The Government of Rwanda is quite aware of this situation and seeks for long-term solutions, signing an energy agreement with Kenya. The Government of Rwanda is also developing more renewable energy projects to become self-sufficient.
While development of better innovations and technologies hold a promise to lowering the cost of and thus acceptance of alternative renewable power in the society, various international government-led initiatives can help accelerate and popularize adoption of these alternatives, through policy changes, funding and pulling various partnerships.
Sustainable construction techniques present an opportunity for developing countries to lower carbon emissions, lower energy consumption, and from the outset, reduce housing deficit and the cost of living. Many techniques that help lower the cost of building have been tried and tested and proved successful. Green building is slowly but surely being accepted in developing countries.
Orphfund is a small hardworking NGO where 100% of funds given go directly to their projects within Africa and Asia. Their focus is on helping children who are in the most need, orphans with no-one to care for them. They do this by building and developing Children's Villages which offer housing, schooling, water, sanitation, and training facilities. Working in areas like Sierra Leone Orphfund employ a number of cleanleap technologies to provide basic services like water and sanitation, through to solar power used to teach the children computers and sewing, through to farming to generate food and income.
Sac-marmite is an insulated bag into which the food in a pot heated on a stove, continues to cook, while the stove is no longer in use. It is made from poly-cotton fabric and polystyrene balls, rice peels or cotton as an insulator. People can cook anything from meaty stews or vegetable curries to simple rice and soups. Cooking with sac-marmite is easy and simple.
A report released by infoDev in 2014 provides an in-depth look at the business opportunities for developing countries in the green and climate space, through its Climate Technology Program. The report showcases the positive ways in which emerging economies, who will be hardest hit from climate change, can harness action in this space and benefit from the growing market. InfoDev is a business incubator program within the World Bank Group, focused on assisting entrepreneurs in developing countries.
Founded in January 2013, African Renewable Energy Distributor (ARED) seeks to provide stable and reliable energy solutions to rural and urban areas in Africa, employing innovative technologies on a micro and macro level. Henri Nyakarundi is founder and managing director of ARED, a Rwandan-based and award-winning renewable energy company specializing in the development of mobile solar kiosks.
There is some oddness, a sense of remoteness that comes up when technology and Africa are used in the same sentence. It is like thinking of a rainforest at the heart of the Sahara or Kalahari Desert. However, at the heart of Nairobi, Kenya, a team of software developers, engineers, and technologists are rewriting the story of Africa from remoteness and oddness to possibilities. BRCK is a device seeking to solve problems of electricity, internet connections, problems that are eminent in both rural and urban areas in Africa.