The upcoming COP21 in Paris is an important one for Africa as the continent who suffers the most from climate change, and for the world who wants to replace the Kyoto Protocol. It is expected that issues such as climate financing, information-sharing climate-smart agriculture and technology transfer will dominate the talks.
Addressing climate change requires massive decarbonisation of our economy, particularly in areas such as electricity generation, transportation and agriculture. We focus on sharing knowledge on solutions to the problem as opposed to just forming the case for action.
Conversion of sun energy into an electric current is one thing, getting your factory equipment to use that power is another. As larger firms continue to accept solar power alternatives, they will need to consider equipment that can generate enough clean power for heavy machinery. To support industrial activity, solar power outputs will need to align to expectations of supporting current industrial machine use which often uses 3-phase A.C power.
A common characteristic of informal settlements in Cameroon is the lack of indoor lighting during the day. To carry out any productive activities, households have to turn on the lights – for those who can afford electricity - or use kerosene lamps or candles adding to their electricity consumption and accompanying energy-related expenses as well as indoor air pollution. This gadget is an innovative passive lighting technology based on a transparent plastic bottle filled with clean water. It is fitted into the corrugated iron roofs of houses without ceilings.
Rwanda is undergoing power shortages as their hydroelectric plants are not sufficient to fulfil the current energy demands. This is due to an increase in investment in the region with new businesses setting up, and also due to the impact of climate change on reducing water supply for the hydro power plants. The Government of Rwanda is quite aware of this situation and seeks for long-term solutions, signing an energy agreement with Kenya. The Government of Rwanda is also developing more renewable energy projects to become self-sufficient.
Sustainable construction techniques present an opportunity for developing countries to lower carbon emissions, lower energy consumption, and from the outset, reduce housing deficit and the cost of living. Many techniques that help lower the cost of building have been tried and tested and proved successful. Green building is slowly but surely being accepted in developing countries.
Sac-marmite is an insulated bag into which the food in a pot heated on a stove, continues to cook, while the stove is no longer in use. It is made from poly-cotton fabric and polystyrene balls, rice peels or cotton as an insulator. People can cook anything from meaty stews or vegetable curries to simple rice and soups. Cooking with sac-marmite is easy and simple.
A report released by infoDev in 2014 provides an in-depth look at the business opportunities for developing countries in the green and climate space, through its Climate Technology Program. The report showcases the positive ways in which emerging economies, who will be hardest hit from climate change, can harness action in this space and benefit from the growing market. InfoDev is a business incubator program within the World Bank Group, focused on assisting entrepreneurs in developing countries.
Solar power is about more than lighting your home… Regular access to hot water for bathing, cooking, and cleaning is something that most of us in the Western world take for granted. However, people in rural communities throughout the world struggle to safely and economically heat their water on a regular basis. Solar hot water systems offer a sustainable and low cost solution to this widespread issue, with the potential to bring hot water to those who do not currently have it.
Dilla, a city 361 km South of Addis Ababa, is one of the pivotal areas of coffee production in Ethiopia, with Ethiopia being among the greatest coffee producers in the world. With this, comes a number of challenges such as establishing reliable energy sources for coffee processing and dealing with waste by-products. In July 2011, a plan was resurrected that had laid idle for over 20 years began, which was to create the first Ethiopian Briquette Factory. This was a move meant to offer an important firewood alternative and also a way of managing coffee husks wastes, all this in the light of urbanization and population growth.