Rwanda is undergoing power shortages as their hydroelectric plants are not sufficient to fulfil the current energy demands. This is due to an increase in investment in the region with new businesses setting up, and also due to the impact of climate change on reducing water supply for the hydro power plants. The Government of Rwanda is quite aware of this situation and seeks for long-term solutions, signing an energy agreement with Kenya. The Government of Rwanda is also developing more renewable energy projects to become self-sufficient.
Addressing climate change requires massive decarbonisation of our economy, particularly in areas such as electricity generation, transportation and agriculture. We focus on sharing knowledge on solutions to the problem as opposed to just forming the case for action.
Sustainable construction techniques present an opportunity for developing countries to lower carbon emissions, lower energy consumption, and from the outset, reduce housing deficit and the cost of living. Many techniques that help lower the cost of building have been tried and tested and proved successful. Green building is slowly but surely being accepted in developing countries.
Sac-marmite is an insulated bag into which the food in a pot heated on a stove, continues to cook, while the stove is no longer in use. It is made from poly-cotton fabric and polystyrene balls, rice peels or cotton as an insulator. People can cook anything from meaty stews or vegetable curries to simple rice and soups. Cooking with sac-marmite is easy and simple.
A report released by infoDev in 2014 provides an in-depth look at the business opportunities for developing countries in the green and climate space, through its Climate Technology Program. The report showcases the positive ways in which emerging economies, who will be hardest hit from climate change, can harness action in this space and benefit from the growing market. InfoDev is a business incubator program within the World Bank Group, focused on assisting entrepreneurs in developing countries.
Solar power is about more than lighting your home… Regular access to hot water for bathing, cooking, and cleaning is something that most of us in the Western world take for granted. However, people in rural communities throughout the world struggle to safely and economically heat their water on a regular basis. Solar hot water systems offer a sustainable and low cost solution to this widespread issue, with the potential to bring hot water to those who do not currently have it.
Dilla, a city 361 km South of Addis Ababa, is one of the pivotal areas of coffee production in Ethiopia, with Ethiopia being among the greatest coffee producers in the world. With this, comes a number of challenges such as establishing reliable energy sources for coffee processing and dealing with waste by-products. In July 2011, a plan was resurrected that had laid idle for over 20 years began, which was to create the first Ethiopian Briquette Factory. This was a move meant to offer an important firewood alternative and also a way of managing coffee husks wastes, all this in the light of urbanization and population growth.
One of the largest impedement towards implementation of renewable energy in reducing emissions is their high cost. Reduction of costs of utility-scale renewable energy projects is important towards increasing the deployment and acceptability of solar and wind power projects. Renewable energy auctions, technology innovation and feed-in-tariffs are some of the methods suggested for the future and which have tried before to reduce installation and final consumer costs.
Biofuels can help developing countries reduce carbon emissions, reduce over dependence on fossil fuels and increase energy security. However, this alternative must be pursued with care to reduce possibility of environmental degradation, deforestation, food shortages and high food prices. One way is to pursue second generation feedstocks. Limiting use of some food crops in biofuel production and mapping out areas for biofuel crop production can also prove helpful.
The World Bank (International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, IBRD) launched the Green Bond Impact Report in June 2015, with detailed information about the environment and social results expected from projects supported by its green bonds. The report provides an update on the progress of the 100 green bonds (US$8.4 billion) that have been issued to support projects aiming for low carbon and climate-ready growth in IBRD’s member countries.
Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) is the new buzz word for member states of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The member states are preparing for the 21st conference of parties meeting in Paris, France later this year. INDCs are proposed post-2020 climate actions that countries publicly declare to implement, in order to assist in limiting the earth’s temperature rise to 2 degrees centigrade. Kenya has once again proven to be a leader by becoming the fourth African state to publicly declare its INDCs.